Getting To Know The Laws on Internet Privacy and Security

why internet privacy is important

Among the very controversial issues in the United States today is on Trump administration’s repeal of an internet privacy law implemented during the Obama administration. The new law under Trump will now allow internet service providers to share browsing histories with marketers and third parties without first obtaining consent from the users. The law is now in a state of tug of war as internet providers fully support the said law while internet users are against it.

With these issues at hand, it is clear that each internet user must know the different laws governing the internet in the United States and in the United Arab Emirates so as to know whether or not to go for recommended VPN companies in the UAE, for those living in this area, and the USA for those based in America. Still, in general, all internet users must be aware of the laws governing whichever region they are located in.

For this part, we will be briefly discussing a few of the laws in the United States just to give our readers an overview of how the law works in the American cyber world.

Communications Decency Act of 1996 (CDA)

This law represents the first attempt of the United States to regulate pornographic materials online. This law attempted to regulate obscenity and indecency of the internet. This law was eventually amended because of several disputes. However, section 230 further added protection for online service providers as well as for users from actions against them based on the content obtained from third parties.

Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA)

This law was enacted by the U.S. Congress to restrict wiretapping on telephone calls including the transmission of electronic data by computer. This law also prohibits access to stored electronic communications. This act is actually an amendment of an earlier law preventing unauthorized access by the government to private electronic communications. Several subsequent laws have also amended this privacy act; some of these are FISA Amendments Act of 2008 and USA Patriot Acts of 2006.

internet laws on privacy

Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)

This law was created to promote fairness and privacy of consumer information found in consumer reporting agencies. Generally, it aimed to protect consumers from negligent inclusions of inaccurate information in their respective credit reports. This law, therefore, regulates the collection, use, and dissemination of consumer information.

Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA)

This law was enacted for the purpose of amending a then-existing computer fraud law. Basically, this act prohibits access to computers without authorization or with excessive authorization. Again, this act has been amended several times.

Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998 (COPPA)

This law applies to online collection of personal information of children under the age of 13. The law mandates that website operators must include a privacy policy to ensure online safety. The law allows children under 13 to give out personal information provided that their parents’ consent are obtained; however, they are not allowed by social media sites to use social media services.